Manhattan Project

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The Manhattan Project was the U.S. project conducted during World War II to develop a nuclear weapon. It was commanded by Major General Leslie Groves, with J. Robert Oppenheimer as technical director. Set up in 1942, the project came to a head with the detonation of the first fission device, the Trinity test, in 1945 at White Sands, New Mexico.

The project then built the Little Boy used at Hiroshima and the Fat Man bombs used on Nagasaki, on, respectively, August 6 and August 9, 1945.

See also: Los Alamos National Laboratory and Nuclear attacks against Japan for more details.

Major facilities included: