International Cricket Council
The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the world governing body of cricket and currently (November 2018) has 105 members. Its prime responsibilities are the global administration and development of cricket. It also organises all international tournaments including the various World Cup competitions.
The ICC was founded on Tuesday, 15 June 1909 as the Imperial Cricket Conference following a suggestion by Abe Bailey, who was President of the South African Cricket Association. The original members were Australia, England and South Africa who at that time were the only three countries playing Test matches. In 1926, delegates from India, New Zealand and the West Indies were invited to join and later members were Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
Until the 1990s, ICC was effectively an adjunct of Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) but this changed in 1993 when the post of ICC Chief Executive was created and filled by an Australian, instead of by the President of MCC. Three levels of membership were established – full, associate and affiliate. Only full members can play Test cricket. In August 2005, the ICC relocated its headquarters from Lord's to Dubai. In the same year, the International Women's Cricket Council merged with the ICC which now manages and develops all cricket worldwide. Women's cricket has subsequently grown into a significant sport in its own right.
- International Cricket Council: ICC home page. ICC (2018).