Frederick Sewards ("Fred") Trueman (6 February 1931 – 1 July 2006) was an English professional cricketer from Stainton, in South Yorkshire, who played for Yorkshire from 1949 to 1968 and for England from 1952 to 1965. As an England player, he took part in four overseas tours from 1953–54 to 1962–63. Trueman specialised as a right arm fast bowler who was noted for both his hostility and his mastery of the out-swinger, a ball which deceives the batsman by "swinging" away from him in flight. He was the first bowler to take 300 wickets in Test cricket.
Although he was usually a tail-end batsman, he was in fact a very useful, and entertaining, performer with the bat and scored three first-class centuries in his career. As a fielder, he was outstanding, especially in his favourite leg slip position. Trueman had a tremendous sense of humour when playing, though he took his bowling very seriously indeed, and was a great crowd-pleaser. He later became a journalist and radio commentator who was noted for being outspoken in his views about cricket in the limited overs era.