European Union/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about European Union.
See also changes related to European Union, or pages that link to European Union or to this page or whose text contains "European Union".

Parent articles

  • Europe [r]: Sixth largest continent; area 10,000,000 km2; pop. 720,000,000 [e]

Related articles

  • EU competition policy [r]: A policy intended to ensure undistorted competition within the EU market, by increasing economic efficiency in member states and to remove barriers to trade between member states. [e]
  • Euro [r]: The official currency of the European Monetary Union. [e]
  • Eurozone [r]: The member states of the European Union that use the euro as their common currency (Belgium, Germany¸ Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia, and Finland) [e]
  • European Environment Agency [r]: An agency of the European Union (EU) established as a major source of information and data for developing, adopting, implementing and evaluating environmental policy by member European countries. [e]
  • Eurozone crisis [r]: A financial crisis involving member countries of the Eurozone [e]


Member states

(the notation (EZ) denotes Eurozone member)

  • Austria [r]: Federal republic in central Europe (population c. 8.2 million; capital Vienna), bordered to the north by Germany and the Czech Republic; to the south by Italy and Slovenia; to the west by Switzerland and Liechtenstein; and to the east by Hungary and Slovakia. [e](EZ)
  • Belgium [r]: Federal monarchy (population c. 10.5 million; capital Brussels) in western Europe, located between France, Germany and the Netherlands, and with a short coastline on the North Sea; founding member of the European Union. [e](EZ)
  • Bulgaria [r]: Mountainous republic (population c. 7.3 million; capital Sofia) in south-eastern Europe, bordered by Romania to the north (with River Danube as border); the Black Sea to the east; Greece and Turkey to the south; and Yugoslavia and Macedonia to the west. [e]
  • Croatia [r]: South-east European republic (population c. 4.5 million; capital Zagreb), located south of Slovenia and Hungary, west of Serbia, and north and west of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and with a long Adriatic coastline to its west. [e]
  • Cyprus [r]: Contested eastern Mediterranean island republic (population c. 793,000; capital Nicosia (Lefkosia)), divided between Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC, recognised only by Turkey) in the north and Greek Cypriot Republic of Cyprus (Cyprus) in the south. [e](EZ)[1]
  • Czech Republic [r]: Landlocked republic (population c. 10.2 million; capital Prague) comprising the territories of Bohemia and Moravia; formerly part of Czechoslovakia; bordered by Germany, Poland, Slovakia and Austria. [e]
  • Denmark [r]: Constitutional monarchy and multiparty democracy (population c. 5.5 million; capital Copenhagen); the most southerly Scandinavian nation, comprising the Jutland Peninsula, the islands of Sjaelland, Fyn, Lolland and Falster, and more than 400 smaller islands. [e]
  • Estonia [r]: Add brief definition or description(EZ)
  • Finland [r]: Add brief definition or description(EZ)
  • France [r]: Add brief definition or description(EZ)
  • Germany [r]: Add brief definition or description(EZ)
  • Greece [r]: Add brief definition or description(EZ)
  • Hungary [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Ireland [r]: Add brief definition or description(EZ)

Possible future member states

Candidate countries

These states have officially applied to join the EU:

Potential candidate countries

These states aim to join the EU in the future:


  1. As the TRNC is recognised only by Turkey, strictly speaking the EU regards the whole island as being within its borders. However, EU law will only apply in the event that the north and south are reunified.